Rats
Snails
Weeds

Birds

Significant yield loss 5% or more of the area has damaged tillers from maximum tillering to maturity 10% or more of the area has missing or snail-damaged hills at 14 DAT or DAS 10% or more of the area has weeds at 15 and/or 30 DAT or DAS 5% or more of the area has damaged panicles